Khabarovsk info

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Khabarovsk krai is in the list of the largest by size administrative and territorial entities of the Russian Federation; it is located in the central part of the Russian Far East. It borders on regions of the Far Eastern Federal District, and the PRC. The region is rich in forest, mineral, fishery and other natural resources. 167 species of plants and mushrooms, 127 species of animals are listed in the Red Book of Khabarovsk krai. Among them there are very rare species included in the International Red Book.

The city is growing with every day and justifies its status of capital both of the Khabarovsk krai and the Far Eastern Federal Okrug. In the new century it was three times recognized for its amenity level and economic performance, as best in Russia. Behind,that is the great effort of Khabarovsk citizens, the followers of the great effort of Khabarovsk citizens, the followers of the courageous land explorers who guided by N.N.Muravyov-Amursky and Captain Ya.V.Dyachenko founded the military outpost of Khabarovka on may 31/1958.

A lot has been done and much is ahead yet. XXI century to a great extent will be the Asia Pacific century and it means the century of the Far East of Russia.

 

Geography and climate

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Geographic features and climate

KHABAROVSK KRAI is located in the center of the Russian Far East. Its territory is crossed by overland, water and air routes, which connect inner regions of Russia with ports of the Pacific Ocean, and the CIS and West Europe countries with the States of Asia Pacific Region.

Khabarovsk krai is one of the largest regions of the Russian Federation. Its area is 787.0 thousand square meters, which is 4.5 percents of the entire territory of Russia, or 12.7 % of the Far-Eastern economic region. The territory of the krai spreads over for almost 1800 kilometers from north to south, and for 125-170 kilometers from west to east. The distance from its center to Moscow is 8533 km by rail, and 6075 km by air.

The region is washed by the waters of the Okhotsk Sea and the Sea of Japan (the Tatar Strait). The cost line extent (including Islands, the largest of which are the Shantars) is 3390 kilometers.

On the coast of the Tatar Strait there are water areas convenient for constructing ports, such as the Chikhachev Gulf and Vanino Bay, and a unique complex of deep-through, well protected and wide bays, which form the Gulf of Sovetskaya Gavan. This Gulf and the neighboring Vanino Bay are accessible for ships in winter season. A well developed river net is typical for the region. Its biggest part belongs to the Pacific Ocean basin (the Amur Basin Rivers), the smallest part – to the Arctic Ocean basin (the Lena Basin Rivers).

The region borders on China. The nearest neighbors in the Russian territory are Primorsky krai, Jewish Autonomous Oblast, Amur and Magadan Oblasts, Sakha (Yakutia) Republic.

Climate

The climatic conditions in Khabarovsk krai change when moving from north to south, they depend on closeness to the sea and on form and pattern of relief. The annual precipitation changes from 400—600 mm in the north to up to 600—800 mm in valleys and eastern slopes of the ranges. In the north of the region the 90% of precipitation fall from April till October, there is especially much precipitation in July and August.

Seasons of the year in the region have strongly marked seasonal differences. Winter in the region is long, with little snow and is severe. The average temperature of January begins from -22°C in the south and is down to -40 °C in the north, on the coast from -18 °C to down to -24 °C. Spring in the most part of the territory begins in March and is featured by unstable weather: warm sunny days are quickly and often changed by cold and rainy ones. Summer is very hot (+28°С — +33°С) and humid. The average temperature of July in the south is +25 °C, in the north around +15 °C. The beginning of the autumn is regarded to be the best year season: it’s dry and warm, the cold comes in November. Winter is featured by clear weather with strong frosts (down to -35°С) and winds, and that’s why the clothes should be very warm (fur coats, feather jackets and etc.). Recommended seasons for visiting are the end of spring – the beginning of summer, the end of summer – the beginning of autumn.

 

 

Marks

Symbols of the krai

Flag of the krai

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In 1997 the flag of the krai was placed in the State Heraldic register of the Russian Federation under registration number 149.

Description of the flag: flag has the form of rectangular cloth, forked divided into three parts. The internal angle of the isosceles triangle is 90 degrees.

The flag width and length ratio is 2:3.

The flag symbol: flag cloth is composed using two heraldic colors and one metal color – silver. Blue is a symbol of beauty, tenderness and greatness. In this case it also symbolizes wide water resources of Khabarovsk krai. Green is a symbol of hope, joy, and abundance; on the flag it symbolizes a unique flora of our region, “boundless sea of taiga”.  White (silver) is a symbol of purity, goodness, innocence (modesty). In the palette of the flag it reflects cloudless peaceful skies, purity of thoughts of the citizens of Khabarovsk krai.

Khabarovsk krai flag is developed under the motto: “where the Russian flag was once hoisted, it cannot ever be hauled down” (the Emperor Nikolay I, 1850)

The author of the flag – Khabarovsk artist, Sergey Loginov.

The flag standard (author’s version) is kept in the State Museum of the Far East named after N.I.Grodekov at the permanent exposition.

 

 Coat of arms of the krai

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The coat of arms is executed according to the classic heraldic formula.

Description of the coat of arms: in the center of the coat of arms of silver (white) color, at the honored place a powerful natural figure of black white-chest (Himalayan) bear is shown, steady sitting on its hind legs, and carefully holding (folding to its chest) the historical coat of arms of Khabarovsk with its forepaws.

The bears’ head is with open jaws, dark-red (red) eye and rolled out dark-red tongue, is turned to the rise of “radiant sun”, eastward (in direct perception).

Symbols of the coat of arms: the coat of arms is composed by specific rules and is executed with means of the modern sing-heraldic system. It is a kind of memorial of succession of history and culture, reflects natural and climatic feature and general stream of traditions of the population of the Far East. Bear – our guard and defender, all through the ages it has been a symbol personifying Russia. Since ancient times bear has been neighboring “Rusichi” (poetic name for inhabitants of the ancient Russia), has been respected by them for its power and knack, always has been one of the main and loved figures of Russian folk fairy-tales. Bear – a symbol of far sightedness, a guard and defender of the ancient history of our heroic ascendants, from whom the first Russian land explorers proceeded. By the rules of heraldry “dark-red eye and rolled out tongue” symbolize the bear being “equipped”.

Bear cult and bear’s festivals have existed for hundreds of years among peoples of Priamurye. They are based on people’s belief in kinship with animals. Bear has been treated as an ascendant of the tribe; legends, fairy-tales and songs have been composed about it, it was depicted on amulets, and it was imitated in dances.

White-chest (Himalayan) bear, the biggest representative of this mammal family, is our far-eastern endemic (it means animal species found only is determined geographical area).

Bear on the coat of arms is off-center to the left (in mirror reflection), which symbolizes immense open spaces of Khabarovsk krai, being under its protection and defense.

The coat of arms is made with use of three heraldic colors: red, blue, and black, and also colors of two metals: gold and silver.

Coat of arms type – coat of arms with animals.

The author of the coat f arms – Khabarovsk artists, Sergey Loginov.

The coat of arms standard (author’s version) is kept in the State Museum of the Far East named after N.I.Grodekov at the permanent exposition.As unofficial version the coat of arms may have the following degrees of application:

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complete (big, ceremonial) – is the coat of arms of Khabarovsk krai, which is King’s crown toped, on both side of the coat of arms with oak golden branches and acorns, the branches tied (enlaced) by St.Andrew’s ribbon (azure color).Smaller coat of arms – the image of bear only, without shield.Mini coat of arms – the image of bear’s head with open jaws, dark-red (red) eye and rolled out dark-red tongue, the head turned eastward (in direct perception).When using these versions of coat of arms it’s necessary to take into account that they are not officially approved.